Saturday, February 15, 2020
Schizophrenia and Recent Research - Essay Example Negative symptoms: which represent a loss or a decrease in the ability to initiate plans, speak, express emotion, or find pleasure in everyday life. These symptoms are harder to recognise as part of the disorder and can be mistaken for laziness or depression Cognitive symptoms (or cognitive deficits): which are problems with attention, certain types of memory, and the executive functions that allow us to plan and organise. Cognitive deficits can also be difficult to recognise as part of the disorder but are the most disabling in terms of leading a normal life" (NARSAD, 2006) It has been reported that "psychiatric researchers at The Zucker Hillside Hospital campus of The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, including NARSAD-supported and affiliated scientists, have uncovered evidence of a gene that appears to influence intelligence" (NARSAD, 2006). This discovery means that the genes that are associated with the cognitive impairment caused by schizophrenic sufferers, has been mapped to the "dysbindin-1 gene (DTNBP1)" (NARSAD, 2006). Dr. Katherine Burdick will be reporting in the May 15 print issue of Human Molecular Genetics, that "a robust body of evidence suggests that cognitive abilities, particularly intelligence, are significantly influenced by genetic factors. Existing data already suggests that dysbindin may influence cognition" (Burdick, 2006). There is also evidence found by Lipska, Law, Weinberger, Kleinman, (2006) in
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Writer's choice - Term Paper Example (Independence, n.d.) His father, a candle and soap maker, wanted Benjamin to become a clergyman. Because his father did not have enough money, Benjamin only went to school for a year, apprenticed under his father, and eventually apprenticed for his half-brother, James, who owned a printing shop. Benjamin loved to write, but he never got a chance to publish his work. It was during this time that he wrote the fourteen famous letters from Silence Dogood, a secret character Franklin created for himself. The letters were sent to JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ printing house and published in The New-England Courant. When James found out Dogood was actually Benjamin, the siblings disagreed and the younger Franklin moved to Philadelphia. Benjamin consequently became the publisher for The Pennsylvania Gazette when he was about twenty-four years old (Hovde, 2002). He gained popularity for printing Poor RichardÃ¢â¬â¢s Almanac which contained weather forecasts, household tips, puzzles, etc. (Green & Stallybrass, 2006) There is a lot to tell about Benjamin Franklin since he dabbled in many industries when he was alive. Aside from being a renowned printer and writer, Benjamin Franklin was also a diplomat. He was the first United States Minister to France and served from 1778 Ã¢â¬â 1785. Scholar Leo Lemay referred to Franklin as Ã¢â¬Å"the most essential and successful American diplomat of all time.Ã¢â¬ (Green & Stallybrass, 2006) Not only was Benjamin Franklin adept in being a publisher and a diplomat. He was also a very brilliant inventor. During his lifetime, Franklin managed to create what is commonly known as bifocals, lightning rod, glass harmonica and Franklin stove. (Independence, n.d.) Three of these are still popular today. Bifocals are a type of eyeglasses which have upper and lower halves. The lower halves were usually used for reading or viewing things that are near, while the upper halves are used for looking at distant objects. As Franklin grew older,
Saturday, January 25, 2020
I Have Seen Elvis While driving down the expressway late last Saturday night I saw the strangest thing. There on the side of the road was an old broken-down blue Cadillac. As I passed, that's when I saw it. Out of the corner of my eye; it was him. There stood Elvis Presley, the King, kicking at the flattened tire of his rusted out Cadillac. I swear it was him. He had the side-burns, the wonderfully slicked back hair, and just as he went out of sight I swear he was doing that lip thing. As I think back on that night I wonder to myself if it was really him or if I just really wanted it to be. To me he is a symbol of both a lifestyle and a generation. Even though he supposedly died a month before I was born, his image and his likeness has so much meaning for me. Was it his greasy hair, the rebellious sexuality of his gyrating hips or just that sullen look in his eye? All these years I have never really known how my obsession with him came about. Now that I am in college I am beginning to question how thi s man of relatively little talent became such a hero to me and such a legend of American pop-culture? I guess for me, I am just infatuated with his image. You could say I'm sold on it. Elvis was everything I have always wanted to be. He was a rebellious loner and also incredibly popular. Elvis was always carrying around a pretty guitar but it is rumored he could barely play three cords on it. Presley was so phenomenally talented that even after dead for more than twenty-two years, he is still making more money than the average hard working American. He was a poor southern boy who was manufactured and constructed into American royalty. It is for these reasons that I hold a special place in my heart for Elvis. It is also for these reasons that I will from now on respectfully refer to him as, The King. The King is the result of the manipulation and the marketing of the American public through the use of the mass media. The first weapon used to target the wallets of the American people was the record. Rock 'n' Roll, a rebellious new sound that was immediately embraced by the young teen-agers of the fifties was a great turning point in our American society.
Thursday, January 16, 2020
The murder of King Duncan in the play Macbeth is an important part of the play. It shows the point at which Lady Macbeth and Macbeth begin their downfall, which ultimately ends in their deaths at the end of the play. The first and second scenes in Act Two are important because they are immediately before and just after the murder, so they are where the play is at itÃ¢â¬â¢s climax, and most tense. Shakespeare dramatises the murder by not only building up the tension before Macbeth commits the murder, but also keeping the pressure up through the next scene during Macbeth and Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s conversation. This idea is explored in detail throughout this essay. Our very first impression of Macbeth in Act One is that he is a character to be wary of, because the witches are the first people to mention him, and witches are associated with evil, so Macbeth is linked in the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s mind with wickedness. However this idea is pushed to one side as we hear glowing reports on the Ã¢â¬ËbraveÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËworthyÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËvaliantÃ¢â¬â¢ Macbeth, (Act 1, Scene 2, Lines 16, 24) from King Duncan and the Captain of the Army. It seems Banquo and Macbeth are both very honest and good people before we ever meet them personally. Then when we do see the two for the first time, they meet the witches, who tell them the prophecies which the whole play is based around: Ã¢â¬ËAll hail Macbeth that shalt be King hereafterÃ¢â¬â¢. (Act 1, Scene 3, Line 48) We are shown MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s latent desires come to the forefront of his mind; although he is already successful and has more than most could want, hidden ambition and greed becomes apparent as the witches promise his greatest dreams. He seems to be solely focused on the biggest prize Ã¢â¬â though the first of the witchesÃ¢â¬â¢ prophecies comes true immediately, he is more happy that the prophecy of him becoming King now seems a plausible idea, than the present promotion: Ã¢â¬ËThe greatest is behindÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 1 Scene 3 Line 116). All in all, the character of Macbeth is introduced to the audience as a worthy and noble person (from the reports by the Captain in Scene Two) but one with a less virtuous side, to do with his ambition and never being satisfied with what he has, Ã¢â¬â which turn out to be his biggest weaknesses and ends up bringing about his downfall. Also in Act One we see the highly influential role Lady Macbeth plays in persuading Macbeth to kill Duncan so they can become King and Queen. As Macbeth is her husband she knows him best and knows he is Ã¢â¬Ënot without ambition, but without the illness should attend itÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 1, Scene 5, Line 18-19) so she knows exactly how to manipulate him to do things he otherwise would not do. She does this by playing on his weaknesses Ã¢â¬â by questioning his manliness and asking him to do the deed to prove his love for her. Lady Macbeth appears to be driven by her own ambitions and her ruthlessness and determination are established effectively in the opening Act. She shows her willingness to do evil things when she calls for dark spirits to Ã¢â¬Ëfill me from the crown to the toe topfull of direst cruelty, make thick my blood, stop up the thÃ¢â¬â¢access and passage to remorseÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 1, Scene 5, Line 41-3) She also shows her strength of will when she tells Macbeth what to do: Ã¢â¬ËLook like the innocent flower, but be the serpent underÃ¢â¬â¢t.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 1, Scene 6, Line 64-5) and when she manages to persuade Macbeth to kill Duncan. At the beginning of Act 1 Scene 7 he is decidedly against the act: Ã¢â¬ËWe shall proceed no further in this businessÃ¢â¬â¢ (Line 31) but by the end of the scene she has made him change his mind: Ã¢â¬ËIf we should fail?Ã¢â¬â¢ (Line 59). Shakespeare sets the scene for the murder in Act II Scene I by creating a tense and mysterious atmosphere with Banquo and his son FleanceÃ¢â¬â¢s conversation, and then their encounter with Macbeth as he is setting out to kill Duncan. The scene opens with Banquo talking to Fleance and describing the dark setting. He says that Ã¢â¬Ëthe moon is downÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 2) and Ã¢â¬Ëthe candles are all outÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 5), meaning the night is pitch black with no moon or stars Ã¢â¬â perfect for a concealed murder. Fleance tells us that Ã¢â¬â¢tis laterÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 4) than midnight, which was considered in those times to be the scariest hour of the night, the Ã¢â¬Ëwitching hourÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â the audience in the original performance of the play would pick up on this timing as a sign to be wary of what is coming next. Banquo refers to the theme of sleeplessness, saying Ã¢â¬ËI would not sleepÃ¢â¬ ¦[for] the cursed thoughts that nature gives way to in reposeÃ¢â¬â¢. (Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 7-9) We see this idea again in Act Two Scene Two after the murder, when Macbeth is very traumatised by what he has done, and he says he Ã¢â¬Ëhath murdered sleep, and therefore Cawdor shall sleep no more: Macbeth shall sleep no moreÃ¢â¬â¢ (Lines 45-6) Because Banquo used the word Ã¢â¬ËcursedÃ¢â¬â¢ he reminds us of the witches and plants the idea that their prophecies could in fact be curses, which is foreshadowing what actually happens. Then, Banquo hears a noise and calls immediately for his son to Ã¢â¬ËGive me my swordÃ¢â¬â¢, before warily calling out Ã¢â¬ËWhoÃ¢â¬â¢s there?Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 9-10) This builds up the tension in the atmosphere very well because it is odd for him to be so alert and tense in his best friendÃ¢â¬â¢s castle, where he should feel safe. Banquo has already been established as a calm, good and perceptive character, (from his association with nature) so because he is on edge and tense the audience knows the next scene cannot be good. The tense atmosphere is heightened during Macbeth and BanquoÃ¢â¬â¢s conversation, because they talk in relatively short lines to one another. The audience is also shown how tense and nervous Macbeth is, and how he is slowly Ã¢â¬Ëfalling from graceÃ¢â¬â¢ because he lies to his best friend, by saying Ã¢â¬ËI think not of them [the witches]Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 21) when itÃ¢â¬â¢s all he has been thinking about since they met them. In the second part of Act Two Scene One Macbeth hallucinates a floating dagger, covered in Ã¢â¬Ëgouts of bloodÃ¢â¬â¢ (Line 46) with Ã¢â¬Ëthe handle toward my [his] handÃ¢â¬â¢ (Line 34) leading him towards DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s room to commit the murder Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Ëthou marshallÃ¢â¬â¢st me the way that I was goingÃ¢â¬â¢ (Line 42). In the original play Shakespeare chose not to show the audience the dagger Macbeth is imagining, because this way focus is shifted from the dagger onto Macbeth himself, which means the audience is more dramatically engaged by the character, rather than special effects. Another reason Shakespeare decided not to show the dagger is that it is a figment of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination, a Ã¢â¬Ëfalse creation, proceeding from the heat oppressed brainÃ¢â¬â¢ (Line 39) representing his confusion and indecisiveness being controlled by external and sinister forces, which therefore makes the murder seem more inevitable, because Macbeth is not in control of it. If the dagger were shown the representation would be lost, because it would become a real thing. This shows great psychological understanding from Shakespeare. Even though the audience is shown a real dagger when Macbeth pulls out his own to compare: Ã¢â¬ËI see thee yet, in form as palpable as this which I now drawÃ¢â¬â¢ (Line 40-1) Shakespeare only did this to reinforce the idea that Macbeth sees it as clearly as a real dagger, but the audience canÃ¢â¬â¢t see it. Most other productions of Macbeth follow ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s original intentions, with the only exception being Roman PolanskiÃ¢â¬â¢s feature film version. Polanski decided to show the floating dagger, but this was probably because the film was aimed at a wider, more Ã¢â¬ËmainstreamÃ¢â¬â¢ audience, and he thought subtle details like an imaginary dagger should be made more obvious, even though this loses some of meaning of the idea. MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s reactions to the dagger show he is in a very unstable and volatile state of mind, and shows his inner turmoil and confusion about what he should do and what he wants to do. The fact that he is hallucinating in the first place shows he must be slightly delirious with the pressure of what he is about to do. At first he was alarmed by the dagger, however, as soon as he realises that the dagger is not real (Ã¢â¬ËArt thou a dagger of the mind, a false creation, proceeding from the heat oppressed brain?Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 37-9)) he stops being alarmed by it, and as he follows it, he becomes fascinated with it, and more intense, so he describes it in great detail using plosives Ã¢â¬ËAnd on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of bloodÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 46) to make it more vivid for the audience. The dagger symbolises the murder, and makes the deed seem more inevitable, because the dagger that leads Macbeth to DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s door is bloody, so it is as if it is a projection of what MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s real dagger is going to look like after the murder. It also symbolises how Macbeth is being controlled by other forces, how he is being led to do things he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really want to do because he isnÃ¢â¬â¢t controlling the dagger, the dagger is Ã¢â¬Ëin chargeÃ¢â¬â¢ of h im. Shakespeare uses the last half of MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s soliloquy in Act Two Scene One to build atmosphere and tension as he prepares himself for the murder, by using lots of imagery to help create the dark mood. For instance Macbeth says that Ã¢â¬ËNature seems deadÃ¢â¬â¢ (Line 50) which is a very dark idea, foreshadowing how after this scene nature will be turned on its head because Macbeth upset he natural order. Macbeth also talks about a recurring theme in the play; the idea of two sides of everything, the good and the bad, or the fake faÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½ade hiding a worse side underneath (Ã¢â¬ËNow oÃ¢â¬â¢er the one half worldÃ¢â¬â¢ (Line 49)) To darken the mood further, he talks about Ã¢â¬Ëwicked dreams abus[ing] the curtainÃ¢â¬â¢d sleepÃ¢â¬â¢ (Lines 50-1) which is what he is about to do: as he is trying to kill Duncan in his sleep, so he is being wicked and abusing the safety one should feel when they are asleep. Macbeth also mentions witchcraft, which shows he is thinking about and maybe being controlled by the witches still, saying Ã¢â¬ËWitchcraft celebrates pale HecateÃ¢â¬â¢s offÃ¢â¬â¢ringsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Lines 51-2). It seems Macbeth tries to justify the murder by reducing his involvement. He does this by showing he is merely an instrument doing the deed by personifying murder, so that it is more murder who is to blame for the crime, rather than Macbeth: Ã¢â¬ËWitherÃ¢â¬â¢d murder, alarumÃ¢â¬â¢d by his sentinelÃ¢â¬ ¦with TarquinÃ¢â¬â¢s ravishing strides, towards his design, moves like a ghostÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 52-6). Macbeth uses more and more intricate language, referring to Roman stories of the tyrant Tarquin who raped his friendÃ¢â¬â¢s wife to personify murder further, and long sentences as he expresses the strong external forces (e.g. Ã¢â¬ËMurderÃ¢â¬â¢ and the witch-queen Hecate) that may be manipulating him to kill Duncan. However he starts to come back to himself and realise that he is still the one doing it after all, using shorter sentences as he comes to the end of his soliloquy. He thinks of more practical ideas, asking the Earth to Ã¢â¬ËHear not my steps, for fear thy very stones may prate of my whereaboutÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 57-8) but still using imagery that conjures up in our minds the idea that he is at least being helped by the Earth, or some other strong omnipotent being. Macbeth seems more resolute closer to the end of the soliloquy, saying Ã¢â¬ËWhiles I threat he live; Words to the heat of deeds to cold breath givesÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 60-61) The fact that these two lines rhyme give it definition and finality, as Shakespeare often uses rhyming couplets to signify the end of an important scene. In these lines Macbeth also shows how unwavering he is, by almost scorning himself for fretting about it too long, by saying Ã¢â¬Ëwhiles I threat he livesÃ¢â¬â¢. After this the bell rings, to further signify MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s resolved and determined state of mind, which is backed up again by his saying immediately after Ã¢â¬ËI go , and it is done.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 62). The short sentence shows his feeling of inevitability. The very last two lines of the soliloquy are also a rhyming couplet, to end the scene neatly. They show Macbeth knows he will go through with the murder, because he says Ã¢â¬ËThe bell invites meÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 62) and then he says Ã¢â¬ËHear it not Duncan, for it is a knell, that summons thee to heaven or to hell.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 1, Line 63-4). The building up of tension and inevitability is shown very well in the Trevor Nunn version of Macbeth, where Ian McKellen portrays Macbeth preparing for the murder, making him seem absolutely resolute by rolling up a sleeve. This version also takes advantage of different lighting to increase tension; Macbeth is in darkness for most of the scene, stepping forward to the audience to engage them, and as he says Ã¢â¬Ëlike a ghostÃ¢â¬â¢ he steps into an eerie bright light, which can be quite scary and unexpected, because it is as if he appeared out of nowhere. Shakespeare decided not to script or perform the actual murder of Duncan, because that way the audience is left to imagine the murder scene on their own and therefore make it as horrible as they could imagine. Shakespeare also misses out the murder to put more emphasis on Lady Macbeth at the beginning of the next scene and to remind the audience how closely she is involved in the murder. There is no gap in the drama because Scene Two follows on from the last in quick succession and the fact that we see Lady Macbeth, sustains the anxiety and tension because she is already associated in our minds with evil and bad deeds. This is because she spoke to the evil spirits in Act One Scene Five, as well as being instrumental in manipulating Macbeth and persuading him to kill Duncan in the first place. Before Macbeth returns, Lady Macbeth feels triumphant, powerful, and in control. She has done what she wanted, and got the better of men by manipulating them and making them do things for her benefit. She shows this by saying Ã¢â¬Ëthat which hath made them drunk, hath made me bold; that which hath quenched them, hath given me fireÃ¢â¬â¢. (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 1-2) This also alerts the audience again to her association with evil, and the witches (from when she called upon evil spirits to Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬ ¦fill me from the crown to the toe topfull of direst crueltyÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 1, Scene 5, Line 41,42) because she is talking about opposites, and this is what the witches talked about when they were first introduced at the beginning of the play: Ã¢â¬ËFair is foul and foul is fairÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 1, Scene 1, Line 12) She uses eloquent language filled with imagery personifying death and nature around the drugged guards: Ã¢â¬ËDeath and Nature do contend about them, whether they live, or dieÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 7-8) This fits in well with what her husband was saying just moments ago about murder as a real being, rather than an action or abstract noun, and shows well how Shakespeare ensures there is no break in tension between scenes, because they flow on so well from each other. She seems very fired up and quite jumpy because of her excitement, so when she hears an owl screech in the night, she exclaims Ã¢â¬ËHark!Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 2) then Ã¢â¬ËPeace,Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 2) to calm herself, but the fact that she is talking to herself is one of the early signs of her going mad. However she is still Ã¢â¬Ëon a highÃ¢â¬â¢ from her excitement of the murder of Duncan being carried out, that she confidently speaks about the owl straight after her fright: Ã¢â¬ËIt was the owl that shreikÃ¢â¬â¢d, the fatal bellman which gives the sternÃ¢â¬â¢st good-night.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 3-4) Here she is comparing the owlÃ¢â¬â¢s shriek to the night watchman who rings his bell outside the cells of prisoners condemned to death, in this case it is Duncan who is about to be killed. This comment about the owl is linked to her earlier speech before Duncan arrived at MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s castle, when she spoke of the raven, another bird linked with death: Ã¢â¬ËThe raven himself is hoarse, that croaks the fatal entrance of DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 1, Scene 5, Line 37-8). As Macbeth arrives she gets very anxious, saying she is Ã¢â¬Ëafraid they have awakÃ¢â¬â¢d, and Ã¢â¬â¢tis not done; theÃ¢â¬â¢attempt and not the deed confounds us.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Lines 9-11) In the Trevor Nunn stage version of Macbeth, Judi Dench, who plays Lady Macbeth, shows her excitement to an almost psychopathic degree, by talking very quickly and in a very high-pitched voice, which conveys the idea of drunkenness on power very well. During Macbeth and Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s initial exchange, they convey their own nervousness and create even more of a tense atmosphere by talking in short questions and answer to each other. Line 16 in this scene is shared between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth and cuts back and forth between them twice: Lady Macbeth: Ã¢â¬ËDid not you speak?Ã¢â¬â¢ Macbeth: When? Lady Macbeth: Now. Macbeth: As I descended?Ã¢â¬â¢ This creates the tense atmosphere because the actors have no choice but to throw these short sharp words back and forth very quickly. The next line is unusual as there is only one syllable in it, said by Lady Macbeth in answer to MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s question Ã¢â¬ËAs I descended?Ã¢â¬â¢. She says Ã¢â¬ËAy.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Line 20) and the rest of the line is finished by either silence, or a noise coming from the night. This is the only time Shakespeare has scripted in a gap or a pause, and he did this because the lack of speech after such a quick exchange would make the silence almost Ã¢â¬ËdeafeningÃ¢â¬â¢ to the audience, as they anticipate what is going to happen next. After the brief pause, Macbeth starts the conversation again, when he says Ã¢â¬ËHark!Ã¢â¬â¢ (Line 21) which shows his awareness of either the silence or the noise from the night, and his jumpy nature because he exclaims after it. The next section of their exchange shows a sharp contrast between the two, as Macbeth starts to get almost hysterical, as he canÃ¢â¬â¢t process the horror of what he has just done, while Lady Macbeth gets frustrated with him as she struggles to keep control of the situation. Macbeth starts by looking at his bloody hands holding the daggers and saying Ã¢â¬ËThis is a sorry sight.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 24) but straight away Lady Macbeth retorts Ã¢â¬ËA foolish thought, to say a sorry sightÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 25) which is almost scornful of him, as one might scold a child. However her efforts are soon to turn out futile, as Macbeth get so wrapped up in his own emotion that he barely seems to register she is there. This is shown well in the Nicol Williamson staging of Macbeth, where Lady Macbeth is trying to push Macbeth off the stage, but because Nicol is a very tall person it is obvious that Lady Macbeth has no chance of moving him. Macbeth himself begins to get hysterical as Lady Macbeth loses control of him. He starts to think of himself as a hangman (Ã¢â¬Ëwith these hangmanÃ¢â¬â¢s handsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 30)) and thinks he maybe a damned man, when he thinks he cannot say Ã¢â¬ËAmenÃ¢â¬â¢ after someone calls out Ã¢â¬ËGod bless us!Ã¢â¬â¢: Ã¢â¬ËOne cried Ã¢â¬ËGod bless us!Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ ¦I could not say Ã¢â¬ËAmenÃ¢â¬ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 29, 31) The original audience would pick up on the fact he could not say Amen, which would increase the tension and fear because it shows him to be possessed by evil spirits. Macbeth refers to Ã¢â¬Ëthe innocent sleepÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 39) which is a recurring theme throughout the play, he refers to himself in the third person saying Ã¢â¬ËMacbeth does murder sleepÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 39) and then talks about his different roles Ã¢â¬ËGlamis hath murderÃ¢â¬â¢d sleep, and therefore Cawdor shall sleep no more, Macbeth shall sleep no moreÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 45-6) This repetition of his different roles shows him slowly falling to pieces because of what he does, and also shows how much he is trying to find a way to make it not his fault and to dislocate himself from what he has just done, which brings him to be almost schizophrenic. However he also knows that his evil deed can leak into the reputation his other roles or identities and will ultimately destroy him. His talk about damnation and sleep is an example of foreshadowing, because after this time, neither Macbeth or Lady Macbeth will sleep properly again, and shall therefore be deprived of the Ã¢â¬Ëbalm of hurt minds, great natureÃ¢â¬â¢s second course, chief nourisher in lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s feastÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 42-3). In the Trevor Nunn production of Macbeth, Macbeth is shown starting to be almost atavistic, by talking in a child-like manner, which brings out his vulnerability and guilt for killing Duncan. Tension is increased in the next part of the scene when Lady Macbeth shows her frustration with Macbeth because he is not listening to her. He is fraught with fear over what he has just done, and however much she tries to keep control over the situation he ignores her completely. She tries to take his mind off his rambling by trying one of her persuasion techniques, saying Ã¢â¬ËWorthy thane, you do unbend your noble strength to think so brain-sickly of these thingsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 47-9). Here she compliments him (Ã¢â¬Ëworthy thaneÃ¢â¬â¢) before telling him that he is losing his Ã¢â¬Ënoble strengthÃ¢â¬â¢ by thinking about these Ã¢â¬Ëbrain sicklyÃ¢â¬â¢ things too much. She encourages to Ã¢â¬ËGo get some water and wash this filthy witness from your handÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 49-50) even though later on in the play we will find out that she realises that Ã¢â¬Ëa little waterÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 70) does not clear them Ã¢â¬Ëof this deedÃ¢ â¬â¢. (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 70) However she changes her mind when she sees that Macbeth is still clutching the daggers he used to kill Duncan, and is therefore ruining the plan. She gets very angry and accuses him of being Ã¢â¬ËInfirm of purpose!Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 55) and tells him the daggers Ã¢â¬Ëmust lie thereÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 52) But Macbeth refuses because he does not want to go back (Ã¢â¬ËIÃ¢â¬â¢ll go no moreÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 53)) which means she must Ã¢â¬Ëget her hands dirtyÃ¢â¬â¢ by going back and smearing blood over DuncanÃ¢â¬â¢s guards so it looks like they did the murder. Because of this, she is very annoyed with Macbeth as because of his incompetence she had to be involved, but she retains her strength telling him Ã¢â¬Ëmy hands are of your colour, but I shame to wear a heart so whiteÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 67-8). As the scene comes to itÃ¢â¬â¢s dramatic climax, the contrasting attitudes and state of mind of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are shown and exaggerated further. Macbeth is very emotional and stressed, he seems to look at his hands as if they are someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s, saying Ã¢â¬ËWhat hands are here? Ha: they pluck out mine eyes.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2 Scene 2 Line 62) This shows how detached he is feeling from his own body, perhaps a instinctive result of the stress he has just gone through, his brain is trying to distance Macbeth from it. Macbeth uses very rich visual images to describe how he disagrees with Lady MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s notion that Ã¢â¬ËA little water clears us of this deedÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2 Scene 2 Line 70) asking if Ã¢â¬ËAll NeptuneÃ¢â¬â¢s oceans wash this blood clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather the multitudinous seas incarnadine, making the green one redÃ¢â¬â¢. (Act 2 Scene 2 Lines 63-6) This conjures up a very vivid image in the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s mindÃ¢â¬â¢s of vast oceans turning red with blood from his hand, with words such as Ã¢â¬ËmultitudinousÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËincarnadineÃ¢â¬â¢ adding to the image of excess, as they are almost onomatopoeic of the idea of vastness because the words themselves have many syllables. Then, this idea of enormous and excessive things is followed by a close-up image as Macbeth says Ã¢â¬Ëmaking the green one redÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2 Scene 2 Line 62) which focuses the image down into maybe a drop of blood making a small pool of green water red, because the words are monosyllabic and Macbeth uses the word Ã¢â¬ËoneÃ¢â¬â¢. The way Shakespeare has used short, simple words after the long, elaborate words increases the contrast from the big and the small. In contrast to MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s figurative contemplation, Lady Macbeth is not so deep in thought; her mind is still on the task in hand (quite literally) and if she is feeling any remorse or panic for what they have just done, she does not show any emotion at all in fact, apart from frustration for Macbeth because he is not being brave or strong like a man should be: Ã¢â¬ËMy hands are of your colour, but I shame to wear a heart so whiteÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2 Scene 2 Line 67-68). The knocking that comes towards the end of the scene succeeds in further racking up the tension. It instils a sense of urgency in the situation, that while Macbeth stands around, waiting for Ã¢â¬Ëoccasion [to] call us and show us to be watchersÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2 Scene 2 Line 73-4), for the longer they wait there with the Ã¢â¬Ëfilthy witnessÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2 Scene 2 Line 50) on their hands, the more likely it is they are going to get caught red-handed. It is a harsh loud and repetitive noise that should bring Macbeth out of his inward turning thoughts, but as it does not it further shows how hard he is taking the stress. It brings out a bit of anxiousness in Lady Macbeth though, as she gets more and more tense as the knocking continues: Ã¢â¬ËHark! More knockingÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2 Scene 2 Line 72) MacbethÃ¢â¬â¢s final words in this scene show his true emotion that he is feeling after the murder. He says Ã¢â¬ËTo know my deed, Ã¢â¬â¢twere best not know myselfÃ¢â¬â¢ (Act 2 Scene 2 Line 76) which seems as if he is asking for a kind of self-inflicted schizophrenia, so he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to deal with the sorrow and regret he is feeling. But his very last line, Ã¢â¬ËWake Duncan with thy knocking; I would thou couldst.Ã¢â¬â¢ (Act 2, Scene 2, Line 77) shows his deep sadness, regret and sorrow for what he has done. In conclusion, the murder of King Duncan is dramatised by ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s decision not to show the murder, instead shifting the focus onto the scenes preceding and following the offstage event, where suspense for the murder is built up in the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s minds using dark imagery, and emphasis is put on how Macbeth and Lady Macbeth begin to come to terms with what they have done and what lays ahead for them now they have committed this heinous crime.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
My company, partners with businesses and present management systems that help companies become more efficient. Recently, I had the privilege of attending a Microsoft conference that introduced NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s Chairman, President and CEO, Mark Parker as the guest speaker. Apparently, due to, demand fluctuations and stiff competition, Nike has an abundance of excess inventory. Upon hearing this startling revelation, I immediately thought about the Adapting Supply Chains to Tough Times, case study I read the other day. However, the problem that I discovered with Nike is that it has multiple locations, that all have different inventory needs. For instance, the Air Jordan X Retro Ã¢â¬Å"OVOÃ¢â¬ might sell well on the west coast, but not as well in the east. Therefore, my dilemma was to incorporate components of inventory management that would fit every location. Obviously, I had already begun envisioning an effective inventory system for Nike before being asked to do so. Luckily, after the conference, Microsoft supplied lunch, which was a Godsend because my stomach was emitting the most embarrassing sounds one would ever hear. At any rate, since I have a good relationship with Bill Gates, I was assigned a seat at his table. By chance, Mark Parker was also assigned to the table, as a matter of fact, he sat right next to me. Clearly, it would not be proper etiquette for me to start discussing business after introducing myself. Therefore, I took the time to learn a bit more about Mark. First, heShow MoreRelatedDesigning A Inventory System For Nike1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMy company, partners with businesses and present systems that contributes to their overall effectiveness. Recently, I had the privilege of attending a Microsoft conference that introduced NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s Chairman, President and CEO, Mark Parker as the guest speaker. Apparently, due to, demand fluctuations and stiff competition, Nike possess an abundance of excess inventory. 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Tuesday, December 31, 2019
Monday, December 23, 2019
The smell of campfire smoke lingers in my nostrils. The breeze moves through the trees, creating a melody for all to hear. The bubbling sound of a brook can be heard far in the distance. Peace and tranquility settle upon my soul, and I feel that everything is right. Nature wraps its arms around me and I feel safe and comforted. I soon hear the sounds of childrens laughter and the whooshing of bicycles going by. I finally open my eyes and pull myself out of my sleeping bag. Goosebumps cover my flesh immediately, and I hurry to change into my jeans and sweatshirt. Once I am dressed in my camping attire, I decide to venture out to the cool, crisp mountain air. I take a deep breath and inhale the all-encompassing freshness of morning atÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The sweet smells of hot chocolate and coffee fill the air. Everyone sits around the table and becomes immersed in their own conversations. As I sit at the table, I stare off to the west at the picturesque mountains surrounding me; the mountains that look like God hand-painted just for me. The blue of the mountains blend in perfectly with the green of the trees, and the sun gleaming across them creates a heavenly glow. This is truly a place covered in Gods fingerprints. I look back at the people surrounding me. I hear my grandpas laughter after my Uncle Rocky tells another of his crazy jokes. I see my grandmas content, peaceful smile. I look into my moms eyes and see enlightenment. I feel so lucky to be surrounded by the people I love most in a place that words cannot even come close to describing. This is my Venice, my Paris, the place I see in my dreams. The day passes in leisure and contentedness. The biggest concerns are the pesky flies and the occasional bike wreck. With a little lethal smell of bug spray, Neosporin and Band-Aids, even these concerns vanish. 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Don t try and travel too far at one time with a toddler in the car. Three hours of traveling is about the limit for a toddler. You will then need to stop and get out of the car. Give the toddler some time to moveRead MoreDialogue At the Travel Agency1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesvarious destinations for newly married from traditional seaside resorts and sightseeing tours to camping and staying in countryside. O Ã¢â¬â Oh, itÃ¢â¬â¢s grand. Tell us please about them all. S Ã¢â¬â No, camping is not counted. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t stand all those mosquitos and midges, the ground with a bump under your hip and a hollow under your head, tents which flap all night in the wind and so on, and so on. O Ã¢â¬â Hmm...I like camping, but really it sounds not very romantically for the honeymoon. L Ã¢â¬â Actually youÃ¢â¬â¢re mistakenRead MoreMental Health And Physical And Sexual Abuse971 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMedical: Joshua Beavers had a physical completed by Amudha Palani, M.D., TPMG Hidenwood Family Medicine, located in Newport News, Virginia on 06/30/2015. It is Dr. PalaniÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion that Mr. Beavers is physically and emotionally able to foster/adopt and assume the additional responsibilities of caring for foster children on a full time basis. Joseph Beavers completed a T.B. Risk Assessment on 07/30/2015; the test results were Ã¢â¬Å"free from tuberculosisÃ¢â¬ . The test was completed at Patient First, locatedRead MoreEssay On Wilderness1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe pressures of our fast-paced society. This no manÃ¢â¬â¢s land provides us with places where we can seek relief from the noise, haste and crowds that too often confine us. It is a place for us to enjoy with friends and families Ã¢â¬â strengthening our relationships and building lasting memories.Ã¢â¬ This is the true definition of wilderness in my mind. It is nothing that we must consider wild, but instead is a place that we rejuvenate and find ourselves. There should be no fear of something that is differentRead MoreIs Softball Ruled Over My Life?1589 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescentering my power to hit the ball with all the force I could muster. Unfortunately and fortunately, my father coached every team I played on from T-ball to fast-pitch. At every game, he observed my mechanics and hand-eye coordination, and this pulled memories of watching my brother hit numerous home r uns and make game-winning outs from his mind. On nearly all of the car rides home, he would tell me Ã¢â¬Å"You remind me so much of Dusty. 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On the trip, the father finds himself inside the memories of his past. Throughout the trip, the father finds differences in the lake from when he was a child. While much of E.B. Whit e s essay is set in the present, the author explores his own mortality as he looks both to the past andRead MoreMy Life - Original Writing1159 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages past all of the tracks and all of my classmates and peers, to the posterior of them all, where my assigned seat was next to Noah and Travis. I was ecstatic; not because of the graduation, but school finally coming to an end. Me and my family were going on a trip to Myrtle Beach for the week after school would end. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t wait for the clear diamond blue skies, the avocado green palm trees on the ocean, warm tan colored sand, fresh salty blue seas, the gorgeous views from our hotel. I took